The steel of any bushcraft knife is defined by its application and determines its quality. Many different types of steel come with a distinct type of bushcraft knives. Every steel shares the same properties, but not all knife steels are created equally each comes with a different advantage, weakness better or worse in its own accord. So how to choose the best steel for the best bushcraft knife according to your need? Don’t worry we will guide you in this article.
Table of Contents
- 1 What to consider in best steel for bushcraft knife:
- 2 Top 3 Best Steel for a bushcraft knife
What to consider in best steel for bushcraft knife:
Carbon is the very first and most Harding element in any steel. The more you put the carbon on the mixture of the blade the hardness of the blade is increased. So how much Percentage(%) of any steel called High carbon Steel Blade? Any steel which contains .8% or more Carbon level is considered high carbon steel.
Phosphorus is usually added with sulfur, to improve machinability. It can make steel brittle. It can increase the tendency of the material and also increase hardenability, tensile strength, corrosion resistance, and overall machinability.
The smaller amount of chromium can make the steel softer. But the larger quantity of chromium can decrease toughness. Chromium is a corrosion resistance element, it usually uses at the level of 12% or more.
Almost all stainless steels contain more than 0.1% Cobalt metal. It increases heat and wears resistance. Moreover, cobalt cannot be removed during the production of stainless steel itself.
Copper is normally present in stainless steel as a residual element only. If construction is more than .75% is can increase the strength and corrosion resistance.
Manganese is added to steel to increase hardenability and increase strength, toughness. It also improves hot working properties.
Molybdenum adds corrosion resistance and high-temperature strength. It also increases the weldability and corrosion resistance of stainless steel.
The Nickel is so important that nickel-containing grades make up 75% of stainless steel production. It helps with corrosion resistance and strength.
Silicon is a deoxidizer and a small amount of silicon is usually added to the austenitic stainless steels. Silicon helps make steel strong and hard. It also makes steel less electrically conductive.
Sulfur is an element that is present in stainless steel. It is usually bonded in the form of manganese sulfides, which at low levels can have a significant influence on the properties of the workpiece. It improves machinability.
The type of stainless steel in which vanadium is used is usually the martensitic ones, with chromium around 12 to 14%. Vanadium Increases strength and toughness. It also refines the carbon molecule, allowing a finer cutting edge.
In the Bushcraft Knife Guide, I talked about sharp edge prepares. I likewise explained that I was summing up. This is what I implied by that. I talked about Carbon Steel and Stainless Steel. I utilized these terms since I felt they would be more recognizable. It is entirely expected to hear steel broken into just two classes, steel that is stain safe or stainless steel and steel that is inclined to erosion or carbon steel. In Reality, there are numerous classifications of blade edge prepares. It is additionally regular to find out about high carbon steel versus hardened steel. This is another regular slip-up. Hardened steel can be high-carbon steel. The Designation “high carbon,” just implies that the steel contains carbon in immersions over .8%.
Top 3 Best Steel for a bushcraft knife
440A: stainless and cheap, but disappoint you
Most of the cheaper bushcraft knives are made with this stainless steel variant. Usually, if you discover a blade that became made remote places, then there’s a danger which you won’t even discover any markings or symptoms on what sort of steel this aspect is — but pretty frankly, nine times out of 10, it is going to be 440C.
The 440C has a carbon content range between .95% to 1.20% and is generally considered higher-end steel. It’s extremely common in knives because it provides a good mixture of hardness and corrosion resistance.
It’s an inexpensive and great knife metal. It takes an edge easily but doesn’t keep it for very long unless it’s the C grade of 440. This C grade is harder than the A grade due to increased carbon content, but the corrosion resistance is about the same.
But that’s doesn’t mean it’s bad steel. The 404A offers a great deal and it’s the best option for overseas manufacturers. It’s cheaper but it provides you the quality you can expect with 404A stainless steel knife to be.
- Relatively Corroccion Resistance
- Easy to Sharpen
- Not so costly for blade steel.
- Can be tempered at high hardness and has good cutting power.
O1 Tool Steel More than 95% Machinability rate
01 is a low-end oil hardening tool steel, and It belongs to the O group steels, it’s a very popular steel used by custom makers and mass makers. The O1 steel is mostly used for cutting tools like knives and blades.
The O1 tool steel is considered low-end with high carbon and manganese, which makes it great bushcraft knife steel for hardness (57Hc at 600 tempering temperature) and wear resistance.
Due to its hardness, 01 tools steel offers great Edge Retention. It has only 0.6 chromium which is not enough for crossing resistance. 01 steel has great components like Manganese, Vanadium, and Carbon which make it wear resistance and very hard steel.
When it comes to sharpening the knife 01 tool steel is easy to sharpen. 01 tool steel has more than 95% machinability rate which is great. If you are going to own 01 steel my recommendation is to take care of it after every humid usage(Drying and oiling the knife is a must).
Qualities you can expect from 01 tool steel!
- Corrosion Resistance
- Wear Resistance
- Super Easy to Sharpen.
- More than 95% Machinability rate
1095 High Carbon: The steel that never quits
If you are looking for steel that will not give up its edge and structural integrity then the 1095 High Carbon stell is for you. Did you know? Most of the top Manufacture companies like ESEE, TOPS, Ontario, and Schrade use 1095 HC Steel in their huge number of knife product lines.
Also, this steel is going to be your most common steel alloy that is found in your high-grade/price “tactical” knives as well. It has a carbon content material. Ninety five% which serves to harden the metallic and decrease the amount of wear that a blade will experience over time.
Despite the reduction in wear created by using the excessive presence of carbon, 1095 steel isn’t always as tough as different styles of steel due to the lower ranges of manganese, which serves to harden the metallic. Yet, even though manganese hardens metallic while used in sure stages, in higher stages it makes for an extra brittle blade average.
Because 1095 metal may be considered extra brittle than other sorts of metal, it is typically correct for blades that aren’t too thin. It is easy to sharpen, but if a blade made with this form of steel doesn’t have a first-rate amount of thickness behind it, it’s far liable to interrupt without difficulty. For instance, it isn’t always the precise grade of metallic for equipment, folding knives, or sushi knives.
- Qualities you can expect from 01 tool steel:
- Holds its edge like a boss
- It’s Incredible tough
- It can take a very sharp edge.
Do you agree or disagree? Share your thoughts in the comment section below: